Corinne Redfern spends a night on the town in Iraq. I open my mouth to protest — talking my way into things is a CV-listed strength. A friend takes over. The first thing I see walking through the door is someone passed out, head down on the pool table. Erbil is just 50km from Mosul where air strikes and suicide bombs in the war zone have devastated the city. But while the conflict has forced over 3 million Iraqi residents from their homes since , and the Islamic caliphate continues to impose its regime of terror across the region, Erbil or Irbil has remained largely unscathed. Here, sustaining peace is the order of the day — and alcohol-fuelled escapism provides the scene of the night. If you spend 18 hours a day, six days a week working with rape victims or children who have been used as human shields by ISIS, then you really need to find a way to decompress and socialise for a few hours on your one night off. Think commissioned firework displays, discarded piles of Louboutins, breakdancers and DJ sets.
Human settlement at Erbil may be dated back to the 5th millennium BC, which would make the city one of the oldest continuously inhabited areas in the world. The earliest historical reference to the region dates to the Third Dynasty of Ur of Sumer , when King Shulgi mentioned the city of Urbilum. The city was later conquered by the Assyrians. Erbil became an integral part of the kingdom of Assyria by the 21st century BC through to the end of the seventh century BC, after it was captured by the Gutians , and it was known in Assyrian annals variously as Urbilim , Arbela and Arba-ilu.
Erbil Lifestyle – your definitive online guide to what’s on and where to go in and around Erbil. Dating back to at least BC the ancient city of Erbil, the capital.
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It is one of the most ancient cities in the world, dating back at least to bce. Erbil has long been an important trade centre, with roads south to Arab Iraq and abroad to Turkey , Iran , and Syria. Hamilton runs from Erbil through the mountains and canyons northeast to the Iranian border. Erbil was already an ancient city when Alexander the Great famously defeated the Persian king Darius III some 50 miles 80 km northwest of it at the Battle of Gaugamela , also known as the Battle of Arbela Erbil , in bce.
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Shaho returned from Germany with his big sister, mother and father in December As the family was about to start their new business in Erbil, the world suddenly came to a standstill in the shadow of the coronavirus pandemic. But they never thought of giving up. Shaho recalls that landing in Berlin was very different from what he had heard about life in Europe.
But it is hard to live in an asylum centre. Seven months on, they took a decision to return home. The social workers in Germany helped the family with the logistics of the return and informed them about the ERRIN programme. It is my language, my country. Initially, the reintegration assistance was offered exclusively to Shaho and his sister. But after a thorough explanation of the complex family situation, the organisation reached out to the German government who extended the grant to the parents, too.
They all set up camp on a small plot of land in what is now the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq: the Erbil Citadel. The Citadel is possibly the oldest continuously occupied human settlement on Earth, dating back at least 6, years. Its extensive history is embedded in its own ground. It sits on an oval-shaped mound that stands about 32 meters feet high, built up from dirt, debris, and collapsed mud houses from previous human settlements.
The worsening security situation in parts of northern and central Iraq has caused mass displacement across much of the country. Many internally displaced persons IDPs are entering the Kurdistan Region of Iraq KRI , reportedly perceiving it as a more secure area, and settling in host communities. To inform the humanitarian response, REACH Initiative is conducting rapid assessments in identified areas of IDP concentration to inform the emergency response by assessing where IDPs are, where they are going, and what support is needed the most.
Pirzin Town is located approximately 16 kilometres north-east from the centre of Erbil City. It is reported to host roughly 45 IDP families living mostly in rented apartments. As a peripheral area of Erbil City, housing prices are cheaper here than closer to the Erbil city centre which is why many IDPs are choosing to stay here. Many Iraqis in the past years have come to Pirzin because of the low living cost and for this reason a lot of IDPs recently entering Erbil Governorate are joining their family members here.
Information from short surveys was used to identify displacement trends and priority needs to inform the emergency response around Erbil City and within Erbil Governorate. Attachments Download report PDF
Historians claim that the city has been permanently inhabited since the 28th century B. With 30, years of history and, today, a UNESCO World Heritage site, Erbil or Hawler, as the locals call it is the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan and a city that has played a very significant role in 21st-century history and the fight against the Islamic State. However, if you think that visiting Erbil is just about wandering around a traditional Muslim city, you are completely wrong, because this is a real pro-Western metropolis and a business hub, home to a large expat community and some of the best nightlife in the Middle East, often compared to Beirut.
I have visited it twice and it is a city which really fascinates me, so here is a complete E rbil travel guide, which includes things to do in Erbil , as well as transportation and accommodation tips.
The Erbil Citadel, locally called Qelat is a tell or occupied mound, and the historical city centre The tomb was plundered in antiquity but still contained pottery dating to the 8th and 7th centuries BC. The cooperation between the Antiquities.
A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America. How the first excavations in an ancient city are supporting its claim as the oldest continuously inhabited place in the world. The foot-high, oval-shaped citadel of Erbil towers high above the northern Mesopotamian plain, within sight of the Zagros Mountains that lead to the Iranian plateau. At various times over its long history, the city has been a pilgrimage site dedicated to a great goddess, a prosperous trading center, a town on the frontier of several empires, and a rebel stronghold.
As a consequence, almost everything known about the metropolis—called Arbela in antiquity—has been cobbled together from a handful of ancient texts and artifacts unearthed at other sites. Last year, for the first time, major excavations began on the north edge of the enormous hill, revealing the first traces of the fabled city.
There, according to ancient texts, Assyrian kings sought divine guidance, and Alexander the Great assumed the title of King of Asia in B. Other new work includes the search for a massive fortification wall surrounding the ancient lower town and citadel, excavation of an impressive tomb just north of the citadel likely dating to the seventh century B. Located on a fertile plain that supports rain-fed agriculture, Erbil and its surrounds have, for thousands of years, been a regional breadbasket, a natural gateway to the east, and a key junction on the road connecting the Persian Gulf to the south with Anatolia to the north.
Yet, through thousands of years, the city survived, and even thrived, while other once-great cities such as Babylon and Nineveh crumbled. The citadel remains at the heart of a thriving city with a population of 1.
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This paper focuses on the international impact of the 25 September referendum, and specifically on Kurdish relations with the US and Russia in its immediate aftermath. It could be argued both that the US response represents a challenge for the Kurdistan Region in Iraq, and that, for three reasons, this challenge is not new. Firstly, the new US presidency, mired in a series of controversies and enjoying only questionable domestic support, has structurally complicated the already delicate implementation of a coherent US foreign policy in the Middle East in general and in Iraq in particular.
Secondly, this has been further exacerbated by the traditional US foreign policy process whereby different bureaucracies, be they Congressional, the State Department or the Department of Defence, develop different stances about the same issue. This has been particularly the case regarding Kurdish affairs. Thus, the referendum has impacted not so much strategic Kurdish-US relations per se , but rather Kurdish society itself and its political system.
The aftermath of the referendum did not herald a definitive change in US-Kurdish relations. The referendum itself could be perceived as a pause, with the KRG insisting on a policy perceived as counter to US interests. Apart from US economic or geopolitical interests in the KRI, the cornerstone of this relationship remains defence and security the main US priorities in the region , and the role that the Kurds can play within this context. Given the status of the Kurdistan Autonomous Region as a de facto state entity, the strengthening of Russian—KRG relations since 2 June and the Russian reaction to the referendum is particularly intriguing.
This stance was undeniably more supportive than the US position. However, in the aftermath of the referendum Moscow mainly committed to its economic relations with the KRI. In the aftermath of the 25 September referendum, then, the KRI maintained a economic relations, primarily with Russia, with its re-entry into Iraqi affairs through a firm partnership with the KRG and b its strategic alliance with the US, with further joint attempts to institutionalise the security sector. Finally, on the political level the KRG is currently re-engaging with both the Russian and US administrations, with some leverage over the latter as the main player in Iraq.
The earliest evidence for occupation of the citadel mound dates to the 5th millennium BC, and possibly earlier. It appears for the first time in historical sources in the Ebla tablets around 2, BC, and gained particular importance during the Neo-Assyrian period. During the Sassanian period and the Abbasid Caliphate , Erbil was an important centre for Christianity.
After the Mongols captured the citadel in , the importance of Erbil declined. During the 20th century, the urban structure was significantly modified, as a result of which a number of houses and public buildings were destroyed. In the same year, all inhabitants, except one family, were evicted from the citadel as part of a large restoration project.
IDP Factsheet: Pirzin Town Erbil Governorate, Iraq – Date of Assessment: 24 June Source. REACH. Posted: 26 Jun ; Originally.
I enjoyed Erbil. Although it is a standard Middle East city in terms of architecture i. One of the safest places to live in. It is multicultural where people from, almost, all over the Arriving in Erbil you’d be forgiven thinking that you’d arrived at a world class airport belonging somewhere else, not one in a city and country that has been revaged by conflict. But it is just that a world class airport that’s busy with flights to all destinations.
Its worth pointing out that while some places have staff who have been exposed to and understand international hospitality standards, most have not so service can be variable wherever you go. If you think this is going to be a city desperately in need of rebuilding or searching for an identity, think again.
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The Erbil Plain Archaeological Survey · The identification, mapping, and dating of all premodern habitation sites; · Mapping of ancient irrigation systems, both on the.
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Founded as a not-for-profit higher learning institution in , The American University of Kurdistan AUK aims to mold the next generation of leaders through challenging coursework, up-to-date methodologies, and exceptional faculty. Your job alert was successfully created. For recruiters. Visit website.
Erbil began as a military base in the s and the newest modern facility was opened in When you fly to Kurdistan, you have access to the business centre’s, as well as Kurdish cultural and historical heritage of the city. The province of Kurdistan was established in the 12th century and the historic and architectural attractions, as well as the surrounding mountain ranges provide stunning views from your flight to Kurdistan and your hotel room window.
Flights to Erbil are convenient for experiencing the Kurdish cultural heritage in the region from the 12th century. This region has been home to many groups of people throughout its history, dating back to antiquity and Kurdistan is now comprised of parts of Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria. Things to visit include the ancient city at the center of Erbil and the Citadel of Arbil. Beside the cultural and historic attractions, visitors can find universities, cafes, shopping and fair grounds to be more than sufficient to occupy leisurely time, even if you are visiting for business.
This area remains relatively peaceful and is working for growth through various initiatives and advertising campaigns have been aimed at attracting commerce to the area that have an emphasis on the more peaceful and democratic feeling of the region. In addition to finding the best deals on flights to Kurdistan from Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa, Royal Jordanian and Alnaser Airlines and other charter flights from other carriers, we can help with travel insurance at competitive rates. Use our services to search for flights to Erbil and hotels to conveniently plan your trip to the Kurdistan Autonomous Region, as well as your flight to Erbil International Airport.